Heat is the major enemy of most electronic devices, including amplifiers. It is widely known that excessive heat affects how electronic components function and reduces their overall life span as well.
Yes, amplifiers can overheat, and it is a common problem with amplifiers. Overheated amplifiers generally occur when amplifiers are left on for extremely long periods or when they are placed close to other heat-generating devices.
What Causes Amplifiers To Overheat?
Many amplifiers get hot during use. There are several reasons that can cause your amplifier to overheat. You must not take any of these reasons for granted since they can be potentially dangerous in the long run to your amplifiers.
Quality Of The Amplifier
The overheating of amplifiers can be attributed largely to the quality of the amplifier being used. Not all amplifiers are manufactured equally or have the same capabilities.
High-quality amplifiers take most of the electrical energy they receive and make use of it. On the other hand, low-quality amplifiers do not make use of most of the energy they receive. The unused energy dissipates into heat. Typically, high-quality amplifiers are less likely to overheat.
This means that high-quality amplifiers use most of the power drawn to amplify the audio signal rather than converting it into heat. Low-quality amplifiers, on the other hand, produce more heat than amplify an audio signal. Therefore, cheap or low-quality amplifiers waste more power than they actually produce in sound.
The wasted power dissipates into heat, and this is what causes your amplifier to overheat. Hence, a low-quality amplifier must not be left on for extremely long periods.
Amplifier To Speaker Mismatch
Mismatching of amplifiers to speakers also contributes to the overheating of amplifiers. The impedance rating of your speaker must correspond with that of your amplifier. You have to match the speaker’s load impedance to the amplifier, or else your amplifier is likely to overheat. I talked about this in much detail in my article on how speakers damage amplifiers. You should definitely check it out.
This means that when an amplifier is connected to a speaker with a relatively low impedance rating, it will try very hard to keep up with the speaker’s current demands. A speaker which demands too much power from an amplifier will cause the amplifier to overheat.
This is because such an amplifier will struggle to keep up with the load demands of the speaker. This will cause the amplifier to heat up due to the extra power it is trying to generate.
Blown speakers can cause amplifiers to overheat. Speakers that are partially blown can still produce sound, even though the sound might be very distorted. These blown speakers demand large amounts of power from the amplifiers they are connected to.
In such situations, the amplifiers these speakers are connected to overwork themselves to meet such speakers’ power demands. This causes the amplifiers to get hot quickly.
Ventilation is very important when it comes to amplifiers. Amplifiers that do not get any ventilation may appear to be running perfectly fine, but excessive heat can cause damage to them in the long run.
Most amplifiers are fine, even when they are hot. They only have issues if the air generated around them gets so hot that they cannot expel it out to the open air.
Ventilation Issues: Bad Siting Of Speakers
Amplifiers need space; hence they should not be set up in closed racks. Unfortunately, most amplifiers are placed in corners and locations that do not allow for proper air circulation. When an amp is placed at a location with no airflow, it is bound to get hot, especially on hot days.
This causes the hot air that is generated by the amplifier to build up. Since cold air is not able to come in to replace this hot air that builds up, the average temperature of such amplifiers rises exponentially, causing them to overheat.
Ventilation Issues: Damaged Cooling Fan
Most amplifiers have built-in cooling fans built into their structural framework. These fans activate when the amplifier is turned on. The fans suck out hot air from the amplifier, thus preventing hot air from building up inside the amplifier. However, it is worth noting that some amplifiers do not have cooling fans.
For amplifiers that have cooling fans inside them these amplifiers can overheat when the cooling fans stop working. In relatively closed amplifier units, this leaves the amplifiers unable to ventilate properly.
Ventilation Issues: Accumulation Of Dust
One of the major causes of ventilation issues in amplifiers is the accumulation of dust. This build-up of dust in amplifiers can lead to overheating. Over time, dust builds up around your amplifier. The accumulation of dust in amplifiers causes the airways to clog up.
This prevents heat that is generated from escaping. Dust also prevents air from circulating inside amplifiers. When these happen, the amplifier cannot cool itself naturally.
Is It Normal For An Amp To Get Hot?
Yes, it is normal for amplifiers to get hot. When amplifiers are used for an extended period, they are bound to get hot. Amplifiers can get as hot or even hotter than the outside temperature on sunny days. However, when they get too hot to even touch, that indicates overheating.
Traditionally, amplifiers have always been known to be great producers of heat. It is actually normal for amplifier receivers to feel warm when touched. As long as they do not go into shutdown protective mode, you should have no problems with your amplifiers.
How hot is too hot for an amplifier?
An amplifier is considered too hot if its temperature is above 160F (or 71.111°C). At this point, most amplifier’s thermal protection relay will trip and shut the amp off. Also, if the amp is too hot to touch, it is considered too hot.
When you notice that your amp is well over 160F or simply too hot to even touch, then you should look at ways of reducing the heat. Else you risk damaging your amp or receiver’s electronic components. And I’ll explain that in detail in the next section how heat can damage your amp.
What Happens When an Amplifier Overheats?
Overheating is the primary disruptor of the performance and reliability of an amplifier. This means overheating can cause a lot of damage to the amplifier.
Overheating can damage the electronic components inside the amplifier or reduce their lifespan. Extremely high temperatures can cause damage to some of the resistors and transistors inside the amplifier, causing them to fail. And this might be expensive to repair.
Some amplifiers, especially car amplifiers, are designed to power down when they overheat. These amplifiers shut down completely to protect themselves when they overheat. When this happens, it is a warning sign that you should troubleshoot the problem before continuing to use the amplifier.
How To Keep Amplifiers From Overheating
To achieve the best performance and optimum life span for your amplifier, I recommend that you keep your amplifier operating at room temperature. Let’s take a look at some of the things you can do to keep your amplifier from overheating.
Proper Cleaning and Maintenance
You have to make sure that the fans are not too dusty and do not have any debris slowing them down. Try to clean and dust your amplifiers about once a month or more regularly, as you prefer.
When cleaning your amplifier, it is not advisable to blow air or use your breath to clean out the dust accumulated in the amplifiers. This is because the saliva in your breath can introduce unwanted moisture into the amplifier.
Proper Matching Of Speakers To Amplifiers
Improper matching of speakers and amplifiers can lead to overheating of the amplifier and can potentially damage them. When working with speakers and amplifiers, you need to match the speakers’ load demand to the amplifiers as closely as possible.
This will ensure that the amplifier will bring out the correct amount of power while generating as little heat as possible.
Ventilation and Airflow
Ventilation is very vital when it comes to dealing with amplifiers. Proper ventilation and airflow are very important to ensure your amplifier doesn’t overheat unnecessarily.
Ventilation and Airflow: Amplifier Surroundings
The area or place where your amplifier is placed goes a long way to help in air circulation. Actually, the best way to keep an amplifier from overheating is to enhance the natural flow of air in and out of the amplifier.
Amplifiers need space. Hence they should not be set up in closed racks. Most amplifiers can get very hot if they are not given enough ventilation space. Do not mount your amplifier at a place where it won’t get access to plenty of airflows. They should be in an open airspace rack to allow for adequate air circulation.
This means overheating can be prevented when there is enough cool air flowing through your amplifier to carry away any excess heat. For this reason, it is important to place your amplifier at a location in which it has enough room to “breathe.” So don’t place your amplifier against a wall or any physical object.
If the place your amplifier is located does not promote proper ventilation, you will need to reposition it.
Ventilation and Airflow: Installing Cooling Fans
If you can’t seem to prevent your amplifier from overheating, you can get an amplifier cooling fan. Mounting a cooling fan can help facilitate the flow of air. This will help blow the hot air and heat away from your amplifier, keeping it running as it should.
A fan can go a long way to prevent heat build-up by drawing hot air away from the tubes. Cooling fans help to cool the tubes in the amplifier and all the other internal components. As long as the heat generated can be dissipated, your amplifier is safe.
Amplifiers are a key part of a sound system. They ensure that you get the most out of your other musical equipment.
Even though heat is to be expected when using amplifiers, if you want to ensure that your expensive amplifiers last for a long and full product life cycle, you need to make sure that they are kept at a cool temperature.
You can prevent your amplifier from overheating by mounting them in areas with proper ventilation to encourage airflow. This will ensure that you obtain the most efficiency, power, and lifespan from your amplifier.